Artificial intelligence has made its mark in the 21st century and there are very few sectors where we can work without the help of AI. From asking Alexa to turn off the AC to using Google Maps to reach an unknown café – artificial intelligence has changed our lives for the better. Or has it really? Whether artificial intelligence is a blessing or a curse has been a topic of debate for years now.
What is Artificial intelligence? AI is the blend of machine learning, natural language processing and cognitive computing. The aim of developing Artificial Intelligence was to use human intelligence to train artificial machines using sophisticated machine learning and natural language processing algorithms.
Humans are smart, no doubt about that. But the problem with us is scalability. As humans, we have a limit beyond which we cannot perform. This is where AI comes in and bridges the gap of human shortcomings.
With the advent of AI into our lives, we have contemplated about AI dethroning humanity to take control of the world. We have also been given a sneak peek into what could happen when machines took over us.
Science fiction movies like “The Terminator” have shown us the apocalyptic future that awaits us. To sum it up, Artificial Intelligence is like the horns of the dilemma. Without it, life is going to be tiresome and difficult. With it, our lives and the fate of the entire world can face a fatal threat.
So, why is Artificial Intelligence indispensable in today’s fast-paced world?
Artificial intelligence is intertwined with our very lives today. Can you imagine your life without your Android Smartphone? Or your laptop? As days pass, we become more and more dependent on the gifts that Artificial Intelligence has to offer us.
Wondering why is AI a boon to the humankind? Let us go through why AI cannot be ditched altogether!
- Error Reduction
With AI being introduced in sectors like healthcare and banking, we can be assured of the accuracy of the results. Can you imagine the risk of making errors in health issues? Can you imagine the repercussion if an ailing patient is given the wrong treatment?
AI eradicates all the chances of making mistakes and leaves no room for errors. The activities carried out by the tools of AI are done with great precision. Artificial Intelligence is being implemented in search operations, as well as in aiding doctors in complex medical procedures to remove the risk of human error.
- Eases out difficult tasks
There are several tasks that are beyond the ambit of what we, vulnerable humans can do. But with artificial intelligence to our rescue, we can employ the science of robotics and get those tasks done without fail.
AI can be deployed to tackle dangerous jobs like welding which can have harmful consequences on humans. The toxic substances and the intense heat cannot affect machines, thus saving human lives. Dangerous jobs like fuel exploration or ocean life exploration can also be undertaken by AI-driven machines, thus erasing the barrier of human limitation.
- Safety and Security
With the computed methods of AI, all our daily activities have been made safe and secure. It is for this purpose that financial institutions and banking institutions are incorporating AI to organize and manage data.
AI is being used to detect fraudulent actions through a smart card based system. Even in corporate houses and offices, records are being tracked down by biometric systems. This way the information is safe and there is a complete track of it.
- Increase Work Efficiency
Since machines need no breaks and are programmed to work for long hours, productivity undoubtedly increases. Unlike humans, who need to take a break to feel more rejuvenated, machines can work at a stretch.
Since AI-powered machines are designed to perform a particular task, they have better efficiency. With no room for errors (unlike the tasks that are done by the human) the productivity is doubled and the results are accurate.
Having said that, we must also mark how several experiments led to the adverse reaction of AI-powered applications when the tables turn. AI-powered bots can turn hostile when subjected to severe situations and can attack other robots as well as humans in order to survive.
Scientists like the deceased Stephen Hawking have long warned about the risks of AI and how it poses a threat to other life forms. Although designed by humans, according to several AI researchers, AI has the potential to outsmart us and dethrone us from our ruling position.
The reason why we humans control the planet over all other living beings on this earth is that we are the most intelligent creature amongst all. Despite being weaker than the wild animals, we rule the planet with the help of our wit.
But should a dystopian situation come, is Artificial Intelligence really capable of dethroning us?
How can AI pose a threat to Humanity?
Before I answer this, let me first remind you that the inventor of AI is a human being. So, the fault is not in the technology, but in us. If you recall the story of sci-fi films like Terminator or Transformers, what do you find common in them?
The fact that in both the stories, humans were the ones to program technology according to their own musings is proof of the fact that we are at fault. You see, it is not the guns that kill, but it is the person behind the trigger who takes a life. Quite similarly, the reins of technology rest in the hands of humans.
It is therefore entirely upon us as to how we want to use it. If we are smart about it, we will be able to use AI to our advantage. Like every other thing in this world, technology too has its challenges. But it is under our control and the power to pull the plug is with us.
Why can AI be harmful to our existence?
As we all know, AI is an independent technology that has a separate entity, quite like human beings, and are therefore capable of making their own decisions and can act accordingly.
Since AI is an attempt to reproduce the intelligence of humans without the emotional aspect, AI-driven robots can be very dangerous. Since artificial intelligence is a collaboration of human intelligence and the dexterity/power of the machine, these machines are more efficient than the humans and have the capability to overthrow us and emerge as superbeings of the future.
Lacking the emotions and vulnerability of humans, these AI-driven robots are programmed using the calculative capacity of our brains, thus making them purely intelligent creatures that are devoid of the sensitivity. With a superlative memory, better calculative power and a decision-making capacity that cannot be clouded by matters of the heart – these machines hold the power of dominating us as superbeings.
Without the vulnerability and the risk of decay, AI machines can wreak havoc due to the absence of human weaknesses. Plus, to think that such intelligent machines will continue to be at our beck and call will be a stupid and naïve mistake on our part.
With intelligence ranging way more than ours, devoid of the human idiosyncrasies, AI can become our dictators and destroy our very race the day they learn to thwart our manipulations.
In addition to this, the sector in which AI is implemented is also a matter of concern. While AI is mostly used for the benefit of humankind, several technologically advanced countries are incorporating artificial intelligence into warfare machines which are allowing them to dictate over other countries.
When AI was introduced, did we know what we were signing up for? A world where humans created machines to kill fellow human beings is the last thing we want.
When we debate among ourselves and discuss if AI is a boon or a bane, it is the intelligence and the greed of humans that should answer the question. At the end of the day, human beings are in control, paving the path for destruction at the hands of intelligent machines.
Kefaya Hassan is a school teacher by profession, but she is also part time essay writer at Allessaywriter.com. Kefaya has a PhD in Sociology and loves to spend time with her pet.